Gout can be significantly improved if patients know what to drink and what foods to choose for their condition. To have a healthy and nutritious diet and lifestyle that is good for gout patients, please follow this article to learn more about this condition!
The concept of gout
Gout is a metabolic disorder related to diet, caused by high levels of uric acid in the blood which leads to the precipitation of urate crystals (uric acid salts) or uric acid crystals.
If these crystals deposit in the joints (in the cartilage, synovial membrane), they can cause inflammation, pain, and gradually lead to deformation and stiffness of the joints. If they deposit in the kidneys, it can cause kidney disease due to urate (kidney stones, interstitial nephritis…). This condition is more common in men over 40 years old and often has recurrent acute and chronic attacks.
Common symptoms of gout
Common symptoms of gout include acute joint inflammation, especially in the joints of the feet, particularly the big toe, which is often swollen and painful. Urate deposits can also appear as lumps or nodules under the skin, particularly around the ears, knuckles, or near the Achilles tendon. Other complications of gout may include urate stones, uric acid in the urinary tract, interstitial nephritis, and renal failure. Blood tests can reveal uric acid levels over 400 micromol/L.
So what should people with gout drink?
Consuming certain types of beverages can help increase the excretion of uric acid and limit the formation of urate stones in the organs involved in secretion. Additionally, some drinks provide the body with abundant minerals, vitamins, amino acids, and antioxidants.
Drinks from cherries (cherry)
Not sure what to drink if you have gout? Cherries are one of the fruits that are good for gout sufferers. With high levels of antioxidants, various vitamins and abundant minerals, cherry juice also helps promote metabolism, diuresis and support the body in excreting accumulated uric acid and toxins.
In addition, the antioxidant compounds in this fruit have been shown to have the ability to reduce inflammation caused by chronic joint disease. Among them is anthocyanin, an antioxidant compound belonging to the flavonoid group that provides many health benefits. In addition to its anti-inflammatory effects, anthocyanin also helps to boost the immune system, protect blood vessels, and eliminate free radicals.
Experts believe that beta-carotene (a precursor to vitamin A), vitamin C, and flavonoids in pineapple have strong antioxidant effects, support anti-inflammatory activity, and help boost the immune system. In addition, pineapple juice contains bromelain enzyme, which has anti-inflammatory properties, reduces pain, and prevents kidney stones.
Several clinical studies have shown that the anti-inflammatory effects of pineapple have a mechanism similar to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) but with fewer side effects and risks. Therefore, patients with gout and those with chronic joint inflammation may supplement with this fruit juice to help control their symptoms.
Mung Bean Juice
When uric acid levels exceed normal levels, they can form crystal deposits around cartilage, causing pain and joint deformities. At this point, uric acid is considered a “toxic substance” that needs to be removed and minimized as quickly as possible. Mung bean juice can also accomplish this. That is why when asked what to drink for gout, mung bean juice is the correct answer.
Green beans contain essential nutrients, have a cooling effect, and can help detoxify the body. They are also rich in fiber, which can reduce the absorption and metabolism of nitrogen in the body. With their anti-inflammatory properties, green beans can help prevent the formation of tophi caused by uric acid deposits in the body, which is beneficial for those with gout.
Ginger tea is a great option for those who often suffer from acute gout attacks, especially at night. Ginger has long been known for its anti-inflammatory, warming, and blood circulation-enhancing properties, which can effectively treat and help patients recover from gout.
Drinking boiled ginger water daily, 30 minutes before bedtime, and continuously for a short period can help reduce pain and inflammation.
Juice from carrots
Juice from carrots, beets, and cucumbers is a recommended drink for those with gout. These vegetables are high in vitamins and fiber, which help control uric acid levels in the body. Beets also help improve blood circulation and increase red blood cell production, aiding in the removal of uric acid from the bloodstream.
To make the juice, wash and peel the vegetables and mix them in equal parts (1:1:1 ratio). It is recommended to drink 1-2 glasses of this juice per day.
Drinks from apples
For those with gout, drinking apple juice can also be beneficial. The malic acid in apples helps neutralize uric acid in the body, reducing pain and inflammation. Eating an apple a day can also provide similar benefits.
Drinking a lot of alkaline ionized water is good for gout
Drinking alkaline ionized water is also highly recommended for those with gout. Alkaline ionized water helps remove acid from the body, prevents oxidation, and promotes overall health. Drinking this type of water can help balance the pH levels in the body and aid in detoxification.
Therefore, many doctors and experts recommend not only changing one’s diet and lifestyle but also regularly consuming alkaline ionized water with a pH level between 9.0-9.5 to treat gout.
Good foods for people with gout
Gout can be significantly improved if patients know how to eat scientifically and choose good foods for their condition. So, what should people with gout eat and what are the good foods for them?
Fruits are rich in various vitamins and minerals. For people with gout, supplementing with vitamins can help improve pain and discomfort. Fruits high in vitamin C such as guava, grapes, strawberries, and kiwi are especially good for them.
Additionally, fruits rich in vitamin K such as bananas, grapefruits, apricots, watermelon, and pomegranates are also beneficial for the health of individuals with gout. Potassium plays an important role in the body’s metabolic processes, reduces blood pressure, balances water and electrolytes, and strengthens bones and joints. Potassium also helps to effectively excrete uric acid through the urinary tract, reducing the amount of uric acid in the body and significantly improving the symptoms of gout.
White meat such as chicken breast, pink salmon, and snakehead fish are also good for individuals with gout because they are high in protein but low in purines. These meats also have the ability to prevent the precipitation of uric acid.
Eggs, despite containing abundant protein, do not significantly affect the concentration of uric acid in the blood. The Omega-3 fatty acids in eggs can inhibit inflammatory reactions and reduce swelling and pain in joints affected by gout.
Among all types of eggs, chicken eggs are recommended to be added to the diet of people with gout. This is because chicken eggs contain lower amounts of purine than other types of eggs while having a higher concentration of nutrients that are good for health.
For people with gout, the preparation of eggs may be limited as some egg dishes may not be good for controlling the disease. Patients with gout should consume boiled eggs, steamed eggs with straw mushrooms, steamed eggs with tofu…
Olive oil and vegetable oil
Fat is an essential component for the body. However, for people with gout, excessive fat intake can contribute to the risk of acute gout attacks. Olive oil, peanut oil, sesame oil,… are foods that provide good fats for patients, supporting anti-inflammatory, reducing swelling and pain, and lowering uric acid.
Patients should regularly use olive oil, vegetable oil in daily meals. In addition, they can also be used to prepare some dishes such as salads to maximize nutrient absorption and avoid high-temperature oil processing.
Limit or avoid using soybean oil, sunflower seed oil, fried foods, and animal fats.
What should people with gout eat besides what they should avoid? Vegetables are very good for the health of everyone, including those with gout. Some vegetables that are particularly good for gout include: watercress, kale, mushrooms, eggplants, potatoes, broccoli…
Whole grains such as oats, brown rice, and barley are rich in fiber, which is not only good for digestion but can also help suppress joint inflammation caused by gout.
Suffering from gout, it’s recommended to consume milk and milk-based products.
Milk is a type of food that contains very little purine and therefore does not affect gout patients. Milk also contains proteins with anti-inflammatory properties that can help relieve pain from gout attacks and facilitate the normal excretion of uric acid.
Patients should prioritize choosing animal milk and milk-based products such as yogurt, cheese… It’s also recommended to choose low-fat milk, unsweetened or low-sugar milk to protect their health.
Coffee contains a variety of compounds, including minerals, polyphenols, and caffeine. It can help reduce uric acid levels through several mechanisms such as increasing the rate of uric acid excretion and competing with enzymes to break down purines in the body. Drinking a moderate amount of black coffee per day can be beneficial for gout patients.
Green tea is a type of beverage that contains antioxidants and caffeine, which helps keep the brain alert. In addition to its cleansing effect on the body, this drink has been shown to bring many benefits to gout patients. Green tea has a low purine content, so it seems to have no effect on uric acid levels in the blood.
In addition, green tea contains a lot of antioxidants – especially EGCG, which has the ability to reduce pain and inflammation caused by chronic joint inflammation. Moreover, this type of tea also has the effect of cooling down the body, promoting urination and detoxification. Studies have shown that drinking 2 to 3 cups of green tea per day can help control uric acid levels in the blood and may support the reduction of acute gout attacks.
However, green tea can also reduce the absorption of iron and some nutrients. Therefore, patients should not use this drink after meals. Instead, drink green tea 2 hours after breakfast to keep the mind clear and alert without affecting the body’s nutrient absorption process.
Foods that people with gout should avoid
Foods that gout patients should limit include those that are high in purines and fructose to control uric acid levels at a stable level. The foods to avoid for gout patients are:
Abstain from red meat, protein-rich foods
- Red meat and high-protein foods: These foods contain high levels of nutrients that can increase uric acid levels in the blood, which is the cause of gout. Patients should only eat red meat up to 2 times/week, no more than 100g/day. Cooking meat in boiled, stewed, or steamed form is better than grilling or frying. Patients should also limit the amount of fat they consume.
Avoid eating seafood
Seafood such as trout, tuna, and shellfish such as clams, mussels, and oysters contain high levels of nutrients, including purines. Seafood also contains a lot of protein, so gout patients should limit their intake.
Soft drinks, beer, and alcohol
Limit alcohol, beer, and stimulants, as well as drinks with a lot of sugar such as soda and canned fruit juice.
Gout patients should limit fatty foods
Foods that are high in oil and fat will adversely affect the process of excreting uric acid, causing it to accumulate in the joints. In addition, these foods also contribute to overweight and obesity.
Avoid eating animal organs
Animal organs such as liver, heart, kidney, tripe, and brain contain many nutrients such as protein, CoQ10, B vitamins (B2, B6, folate, and B12), cholesterol, and minerals such as zinc, iron, and selenium. Although they are nutrient-rich, gout patients should avoid eating them because they contain high levels of purines, which increase uric acid levels in the blood and worsen the symptoms of the disease, such as swelling and pain.
What to do if you have gout?
In reality, gout is a difficult condition to completely treat and also causes many difficulties in daily life. If detected early, patients will be guided and advised by doctors on treatment options to prevent the disease from worsening and avoid it from becoming chronic. Below are some notes that patients should know:
Individuals with gout should frequently participate in appropriate physical activities
For those with gout, exercising and choosing suitable exercises for oneself for daily training is recommended. Suggested exercises for patients include walking, running, yoga, cycling, or swimming. These are effective measures that help limit the recurrence of pain and improve the overall health of patients.
However, during acute gout attacks, patients should avoid vigorous exercise to prevent joint damage.
Rest and maintain a relaxed state of mind.
It is important to balance work and study time with rest time and get enough sleep for 8 hours a day.
Limit factors that cause psychological instability such as stress, anxiety, sadness, pressure, and overthinking. These can disrupt the body’s metabolism and have a negative impact on health.
Staying up late, insomnia, stress, or lack of exercise can increase the risk of developing gout due to high levels of uric acid.
To reduce fatigue and stress, you should regularly participate in gentle sports and relaxation activities such as Qigong, yoga, meditation, and pursue healthy hobbies to increase relaxation time every day.
Supplement with health-protective foods.
In addition to the foods added to daily meals, gout patients should also use health-protective foods that help reduce painful symptoms caused by gout.
Therefore, through this article, we have been able to answer the question of what to drink and eat when having gout. Hopefully, with this article from easyhealthylive, you can adjust your diet appropriately to support the treatment of gout more effectively.
John Alen was born in 1971 and is a doctor in the healthcare and psychology fields with many years of experience. He is currently working at easyhealthylive.com, a leading health and psychology blog. Having studied at Y1 National Medical University named after IM Sechenov, John Alen is using his knowledge and experience to help improve the physical and mental health of people in the United States.