What is false thinking? Causes, ways to identify and fix

In fact, we can’t help but sometimes have thoughts, wrong thoughts, not the right time, the situation. If you can timely recognize and adjust, these thoughts will not affect you too much. On the contrary, if wrong thinking is not eliminated well, it will cause a series of problems in life, and it will be difficult for you to achieve success yourself.

What is false thinking?

Deviant thinking is understood in the simplest way that is the way of thinking that lacks objectivity in terms of the nature and extent of situations, events or people. These ways of thinking are more likely to appear in some people whose lifestyle is more emotional than rational. Besides, it can also stem from personality traits of each person or due to the influence of certain mental health problems, most notably depression.

For example, when faced with a certain adverse or difficult situation, people with the wrong mindset always try to misunderstand the problem and the nature of things in order to reassure themselves and protect themselves. When perception has gradually become distorted and severely distorted, emotional reactions will no longer be stable. Accordingly, every bad feeling you have is the result of negative, distorted thinking.

In fact, each of us has different thoughts and thoughts about a situation or person. We cannot guarantee that our thinking is always right in all circumstances, sometimes we will also encounter mistakes, wrong ways of thinking.

If you can recognize and quickly adjust your thoughts and feelings, start seeing things and phenomena in a more positive and correct way, you can completely change your wrong thinking. me. However, in some people, for some reason, this way of thinking persists, persists. This situation will easily affect and interfere with life, crack social relationships and even it is a huge obstacle to one’s success.

Common types of misconceptions and how to recognize them

Wrong thinking, if not corrected in time, will greatly affect your daily life because it will affect human behavior and emotions. If you keep holding on to these incorrect ways of thinking, it will cause you to form bad emotions, no longer see life in a positive and optimistic way. Moreover, when distorted thoughts keep invading you, they will urge you to perform inappropriate behaviors, even harming yourself, and harassing those around you.

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According to psychologists, distorted thinking is always associated with some kind of mental health problem, most notably depression or any other tormented emotions. When you are in a negative, depressed state, the following list of false thinking patterns will come in handy because it helps you realize how you are deceiving and deceiving yourself.

1. Personalized thinking

For those cases where this way of thinking exists, they always tend to see themselves as the cause and source of most of the painful situations and events that are happening. Personalized thinking makes them always feel guilty and insecure. They always tend to want to force themselves to do something so that they can atone for their mistakes, even if it’s not entirely their fault.

People with this way of thinking always want to find a way to hide and minimize leaving unfortunate consequences, afraid of affecting others. Because of that, they always feel useless, carry a lot of guilt, do not dare to try anything and it is they who have to receive a lot of losses for themselves.

Wrong thinking

People with a personal mindset always feel guilty, blaming themselves for most things.

It is also because of the personalized way of thinking that many people gradually become withdrawn, their activities will also be excessively limited and restrained. They create a barrier for themselves, do not dare to show their abilities and even they are not brave enough to try anything. These people always feel afraid and worried even before they start, they are always afraid of not being able to do it, afraid of being laughed at by others and affecting the team.

2. Filtered thinking

The ability to filter is always necessary in life, because we need to know how to select information and knowledge to improve our own skills. However, for people with a filtering mindset, it has a more negative connotation. They always focus on the bad things, the pessimistic sides of problems, things, people and forget the good points and positive things around.

Not only one but almost all the events and phenomena happening around, they are also only interested and only pay attention to the negative factors, the things that hinder even though they are insignificant. Some people even separate negative things from the current situation and begin to associate and exaggerate them excessively.

According to research, the screening mindset will easily appear in people who often face pressure, stress or are suffering from a certain mental disorder such as anxiety disorder, depression. However, this way of thinking needs to be eliminated quickly to avoid making things worse and worse.

3. Black and white thinking

In fact, clearly demarcating things is not necessarily a bad trait. However, people with a black and white way of thinking use clarity excessively. They tend to evaluate and comment on phenomena, things, and people in a clear and specific way, and for them there is only black and white, good and bad, love and hate, not any existence. some boundary in between.

For example, when meeting a new friend for the first time, if they make a good impression on that person, they will quickly judge this as a good all-rounder. However, if the first meeting leaves them with a bad impression, they will assume that this person is a bad person in every way. Usually, this distorted thinking is more common in people with obsessive-compulsive or borderline personality disorder.

For those who possess a black and white way of thinking, they will encounter many obstacles and troubles in their daily lives. They may lose important friends and relatives due to their mistrust and misjudgment. Or they are also likely to fall victim to frauds by misplaced trust.

4. Arbitrary inference

Arbitrary inference is one of the common misconceptions in many people, especially teenagers or young adults. Understood in the simplest way, people with arbitrary reasoning will always rush to make comments, comments, and conclusions about an object, phenomenon, or person even though they still do not understand it. . Or there are even people who easily make judgments about something just because of a small factor, completely without evidence or any real information.

This way of thinking causes a lot of troubles to people’s lives. If arguments, thoughts and evaluations are not timely controlled and properly adjusted, they will cause many influences on study, work and surrounding social relationships. Especially for young children, when forming an arbitrary way of thinking, it is easy to lead a sloppy, unruly, irresponsible lifestyle that affects the whole process of growing up.

5. Thinking too focused on details

This is a form of false thinking that is common in many people. Sometimes we are too focused on the small details but forget the overarching elements of things and events. People with a mindset that focuses too much on details often forget or never pay attention to the big things even though it is very important.

Wrong thinking

People with a detailed thinking style often focus on small details and forget about the big, important elements.

For people with this way of thinking, it is easy to misunderstand things and people. This has a huge impact on study, work, and life, they are easy to go in the wrong direction, delay in everything or break up close relationships. For example, when they wave to a friend but that person does not see and does not respond, they will think that the friend is hating on them, when it is easy for them.

6. Zoom in or out

Also known as the “binoculars trick” is one of the ways of thinking that can create many obstacles to life, reducing the work performance of many people. People with this wrong way of thinking will often exaggerate (dramaticize) the importance of things and events. For example, when they make a mistake, even if it is very small, they always tend to exaggerate and overdo it.

Or there are cases where they downsize things inadequately. For example, they can drown their own talents, shrink their own dreams or the shortcomings and weaknesses of the other party. Often, this erroneous thinking is more likely to develop in people with narcissistic personality disorders or those who tend to be blindly in love.

7. Emotional reasoning

In the simplest way, emotional reasoning is a way of thinking that is dominated by emotions more than reason. When this wrong way of thinking exists, many people will tend to comment, evaluate and comment on all things and phenomena happening around according to their personal feelings. If the situation is negative, they will think this is a bad thing and vice versa if it is positive for them, they will perceive this as a good thing and need to be promoted.

8. Self-referencing

Self-referencing is a way of thinking that often occurs in people with a shy, self-doubting personality. Because this is a situation where people think that their actions, words, gestures and mistakes are always watched and noticed by others. Not only that, they also think that people’s words, eyes, and emotions are aimed at them.

People with a self-referential mindset feel insecure and worried about what they and those around them are doing. They are always afraid to do anything for fear of being reprimanded and watched by everyone. For example, self-referential people will feel a lot of eyes on them when they are walking down the street, but in reality this is not the case.

9. Read your mind first

This means that these people will not need the other person to speak up and present, but they can still predict the reason and feeling that person feels. They will be able to “predict” how others will feel about them. However, these inferences are not always correct.

Also because these subjects think that what others think and act is similar to their own reactions and feelings. As a result, they will not spend much time or even completely listen and observe carefully to notice the difference of each other.

People who possess this erroneous thinking often tend to draw subjective, unreliable conclusions. They completely do not examine information, documents, do not look at important details to assess whether what they think is true for others.

10. Excessive rules

Setting your own rules and rules is also a good habit to help you easily achieve your dreams and aspirations. However, over-regulation is another problem that needs to be well controlled.

People with this mindset set themselves a series of rigid terms and regulations for themselves and those around them. If someone accidentally or intentionally breaks what they have set out, they will become angry, agitated. Or they are the ones who violate their own principles, they will have feelings of suffering, struggle, and self-blame.

Causes of erroneous thinking

Each of us has more or less wrong thinking in certain situations. So what causes you to form these distorted thoughts and thoughts?

  • Each person’s life experience is a contributing factor to their perception and thinking about life and events.
  • In difficult situations, dangerous things can motivate and increase the risk of false thinking in many people to help them feel more secure.
  • Deviant thinking is also more likely to be formed due to the way of education, living environment or knowledge, capacity and personality of each person.
  • Due to genetic factors, the way the brain works.
  • The influence of mental health problems such as depression, anxiety disorders, personality disorders, etc.

Regardless of the wrong thinking that comes from any cause, it needs to be adjusted and overcome well to avoid causing negative effects on life and surrounding relationships. The next of kin also need to pay attention and pay attention to timely recognize the abnormalities in the thoughts and thoughts of friends and family to help them intervene properly and timely.

How to correct erroneous thinking?

In fact, wrong thinking is not necessarily bad in all situations but in essence it can cause many obstacles and difficulties in your life. At the same time, these ways of thinking are expressed even more strongly when you face difficult and unfavorable situations. If you don’t know how to fix and adjust accordingly, you are more likely to make unfortunate mistakes, making things worse.

Wrong thinking

To improve your erroneous thinking, you need to first look at and re-evaluate yourself.

That’s why, as soon as you notice the deviations in your thinking, you need to quickly control your emotions and perception by the following:

1. Evaluate and review yourself

As shared above, if wrong thinking is not eliminated soon, it will greatly affect life, it affects both emotions and human behavior. Therefore, if negative thoughts keep invading you and you don’t know how to get out of it, choose to stop thinking, take a deep breath to regain your composure and re-evaluate yourself. Dear.

Stopping everything, even your own thoughts and arguments, will help you gradually return to a stable state, minimizing the making of hasty and inaccurate decisions. However, this is not easy at all, but it takes time and a lot of effort.

Of course, people with wrong thinking themselves will not be able to recognize their inappropriate thoughts and it is also difficult for them to accept to change them. Therefore, the best way is to get in the habit of recording your own thoughts, evaluations, and feelings.

Thanks to this, you will easily review your feelings about this thing, phenomenon or an object. Thanks to that, you will also gradually recognize your own mistakes and correct them in a more correct and positive direction. Please re-evaluate yourself, consider your own shortcomings and misconceptions so that you can better correct them. You should understand that only you can change your thoughts.

2. Psychotherapy

If you do not self-correct and adjust well about your wrong thinking, the best way is to ask for support and help from a psychologist. Moreover, most cases of mental disorders are accompanied by some symptoms of mental disorders or neurological disturbances.

Therefore, when necessary, you should consider seeing a psychologist or therapist for more specific advice and support. Experts will examine and evaluate your health specifically and have appropriate interventions for each different case.

With psychotherapy, experts will talk to themselves and talk directly about the difficult problems they are facing. Through therapy sessions, clients will gradually better understand their own false judgments, thoughts, and feelings and have a more appropriate direction to overcome and adjust.

At the same time, psychologists will also guide their clients in necessary skills such as controlling emotions, thinking in a positive way, facing difficulties, and overcoming challenges in life. Thanks to that, you will easily get rid of deviant and negative thoughts and adjust your life in the right direction, preventing recurrence.

Above are the information and some types of false and negative thinking often encountered in life. Hopefully, readers will have more useful knowledge to be able to prevent and overcome their incorrect thoughts and judgments to have a good life.

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