What are freckles? Causes and effective treatment of freckles

There are many problems that appear on the skin of women. Mild can be treated in a short period of time but severe requires an investment of both time and economy and freckles can be considered one of the most difficult skin problems to treat. So what is freckles, what causes it and how to treat this obnoxious skin problem? All information will be in the content of the article below.

What are freckles?

Spots are often concentrated on both sides of the cheekbones
Spots are often concentrated on both sides of the cheekbones

Formed by the overactivity of the pigment Melanin, it causes spots, small dark spots that are easily seen on the face. In areas of the face exposed to the sun will have a darker brown color, about the size of ½ pea. They often grow in clusters, distributed much on both sides of the nose and cheekbones, tending to spread all over the face, causing unsightly.

The subjects that are easily encountered are usually women entering the age of skin aging, people who are often exposed to the sun, …. And especially there is a genetic factor, so if your mother or loved one is unfortunate enough to have freckles, there is a great chance that you will also have the same problem.

Basic Types of Freckles

Ephelides: The shape of this type resembles a flat red or light brown spot. They usually appear during the sunny months and show signs of disappearing in the winter months.

Lentigines: This is the brown or black variety, which is darker than the ephelis variety, and they don’t go away in winter. This type is called a simplex lentigo. This is considered one of the types of freckles caused by genetics.

Causes of freckles

Some causes of freckles in women
Some causes of freckles in women

Freckles are often caused by some of the following common factors:

Sunshine: According to research, about 70% of the causes of freckles are caused by the impact of sunlight, causing the skin to increase the production of melanin, which causes melasma and brown spots.

Hormonal changes: About 20% of people suffer from physiological hormone changes. The unreasonable lifestyle plus age is one of the causes of hormone changes leading to melasma.

Cosmetic abuse: Some women, due to using too many cosmetics at the same time, cause the skin to be worn and thin, when the skin is directly exposed to the sun, it will easily lead to freckles.

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Hereditary tendency: Causes of melasma, freckles not only from the external environment but also by genetic factors. That means if someone in your family has it, you’ll probably be affected too. This is explained by the possible genetic defense mechanism. Some cases manifest from a very young age.

Current methods of treating freckles

1. The Natural Method

You can treat freckles with natural ingredients such as aloe vera, coconut oil. For aloe vera, take the aloe vera flesh and mix it with rice water and apply it on your face for about 10-15 minutes, then wash it off with warm water.

For coconut oil, you can mix coconut oil with yogurt to form a mixture, soak a cotton swab in the mixture and apply it on the freckled skin. Use fingertips to gently massage over face to help skin absorb. After the mask is dry, you can wash it off with warm water.

2. Technological method

Today, when beauty technology begins to develop, it is easier and faster to completely treat melasma. If economic conditions allow, you can go to cosmetic centers to assist with interventions with machines. There are many treatments available to remove freckles such as cryosurgery, laser therapy, IPL light therapy or chemical masking.

Laser beam is one of the effective treatment methods
Laser irradiation is one of the effective treatment methods.

Reasonable living habits will also help you deal with uncomfortable freckles such as regularly using sunscreen to protect your face, limiting going out between 10am and 4pm because of this. This is the time when UV rays are very damaging. You should not use cosmetics of unknown origin or with detergents that will cause the skin to be easily worn, thin and weak. Supplement minerals, especially vitamin C to strengthen the skin’s resistance.

Above are some sharing of knowledge about freckles in women. Hope you are not too worried and self-deprecating. Trying to keep a moderate living routine as well as being careful are the first basic steps to reducing the risk of freckles and not making them worse.

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