How to treat postpartum depression you may not know

Postpartum depression is not uncommon in modern life. The psychology of postpartum women is often very sensitive and easily falls into depression. This can affect the health, even the life of both mother and baby. Therefore, postpartum depression needs to be detected early and with appropriate solutions for nursing mothers.

According to statistics, about 10-20% of women after giving birth fall into depression. The rate of women suffering from this disease tends to increase, leading to unfortunate incidents and there is no official report on the cause of depression. However, the consequences of this disease bring immense. So how to detect and prevent timely? Let’s talk about this issue with Psychologist, Master Coach Bui Thi Hai Yen

1. What is postpartum depression?

Postpartum depression is a condition associated with thoughts and feelings of fatigue, sadness, anxiety, and hopelessness that appear after giving birth. Postpartum depression comes from many different causes, if the condition lasts for a long time, the mother affects her mental and physical health, the baby does not feel much about motherhood.

Postpartum depression.
Postpartum depression.

According to psychologist, Master Coach Bui Thi Hai Yen, postpartum depression is a psychological problem related to a state of negative thinking that makes the mother’s negative emotions and low mood after birth always suppressed. .

They often manifest as feelings of fatigue, sadness, depression, anxiety, frustration, feelings of abandonment, exhaustion, and despair. They are often irritable, cry easily, have thoughts of scolding, hitting or harming themselves as well as their loved ones such as husbands and children.

They even have actions that hurt themselves or hurt their children. This behavior, if not detected or controlled, can harm the lives of mothers and babies. Postpartum depression can be mild, moderate or severe, and it can be transient or persist for many years afterward.

2. Signs of postpartum depression

People with postpartum depression often don’t realize or don’t want to admit that they have postpartum depression. They may be shy or may fear that they will be deprived of their right to be around and care for their children.

Postpartum depression is also a form of depression that is divided into 3 levels: mild, moderate and severe. Depending on the stage and many other factors from a woman, postpartum depression has different manifestations. Here are some typical symptoms:

  • In women with postpartum depression, they often have a lot of negative emotions such as feeling sad, depressed, disappointed, scared, worried, insecure for no particular reason.
  • Women with postpartum depression often think about problems and situations in a negative way. Their fears are more than usual, even irrational fears.
  • Easily lose control of emotions, easily turn on feelings of irritability, anger or frequent crying.
  • They have headaches, body fatigue, digestive disorders, stomach pain, back pain.
  • They have insomnia or sleep too much.
  • Afraid to communicate with others, alienating people can alienate even your own children.
  • Having thoughts that they are useless, incompetent and unable to take care of their children, doubting their ability to protect, protect and nurture their children.
  • If the depression is severe, there may be thoughts and actions that harm you and your baby, and thoughts.
  • Want to commit suicide, even have a mental disorder or always be wary of people around when intending to harm yourself.
  • Some others also think that their children are possessed by demons, so they seek to exorcise evil spirits, harming the baby’s life.
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Signs of postpartum depression.
Signs of postpartum depression.

Depression affects women mentally and physically. Depending on the severity of the disease, the ability to control yourself and easily hurt people around.

3. Causes of postpartum depression

Currently, there is no official conclusion about the cause of postpartum depression. Because this is a mental illness that each person will have different symptoms, the causes are also different:

  • Changes in hormone levels in the body cause the levels of estrogen and progesterone in the body to drop sharply, which is prolonged following a state of depression. This state is similar to stress and mood swings caused by changes in hormone levels before menstruation.
  • Psychological factors such as worrying about how to take good care of the baby but not being able to adapt to having a baby or unplanned pregnancy is also a cause of postpartum depression.
  • Physical fatigue causes postpartum depression such as:
  • When experiencing postpartum pain, postpartum blood loss.
  • The child is harassed, the child is sick, causing pressure on the mother.
  • Having insomnia every night, without someone to take care of and help lead to fatigue.
  • Genetic factors and a history of depression are responsible for postpartum depression. Having a family member with depression or having experienced depression in the past also leads to a much higher risk of postpartum depression.
  • Life factors such as lack of care and help from family members. There are conflicts between mother-in-law and daughter-in-law between husband and wife, husband and wife brothers and sisters. Then the financial shortage, unemployment is also one of the causes of postpartum depression.
Women suffer from postpartum depression due to lack of care for their loved ones.
Women suffer from postpartum depression due to lack of care for their loved ones.

The influence after the birth of a baby causes the mother’s psychology to have many changes and external factors affect, which creates concern for the mother’s spirit. If the family and the mother herself do not find out, there will be unpredictable consequences.

4. Solutions to treat postpartum depression

There are many ways to treat postpartum depression, but it must be based on the patient’s health condition to have the right treatment. Here are some solutions for treating postpartum depression.

4.1. Psychotherapy

Mothers with depression can go to psychologists for counseling. Here, experts talk and exchange information about psychological conditions to find the cause of depression. Then, the experts offer a suitable treatment plan to help the mother gradually change negative thoughts and behaviors. At the same time, experts help relatives understand and support so that women can recover soon after giving birth. Regardless of whether the mother’s health condition is severe or mild, psychotherapy can be used to overcome depression.

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See a psychologist for depression treatment.
See a psychologist for depression treatment.

In addition, support from relatives plays an important role. Friends and family members encourage and motivate the mother who is being treated for depression. During this period, the patient needs a lot of attention, sharing, sympathy and understanding from everyone. This helps the mother’s mental and physical health recovery process quickly and the baby can receive the mother’s love completely.

Although, it is undeniable that the encouragement from relatives has an influence on the mother after giving birth, but the mother herself plays a core role in overcoming postpartum depression. The mother herself needs to be strong and have faith in improving depression. Listen to your body, don’t worry too much about pain and fatigue, because pain is a state postpartum mothers can experience, especially fatigue is the cause of more serious depression. Therefore, patients need to listen to their body and emotions so that the spirit can be relaxed, comfortable and the things they like.

Besides, the mother needs to have a nutritious diet suitable for women after giving birth to have milk for the baby to breastfeed. The mother can participate in some stress-relieving activities such as meditation or yoga. Two disciplines to help improve mental and physical health.

4.2. Drug treatment

Medication is also one of the most popular treatments for depression today. Doctors rely on the patient’s symptoms to prescribe the right medicine. Commonly prescribed medications are either sedatives or antidepressants. Antidepressants have an inhibitory effect on the brain, regulating mood.

Today, there are many drugs on the market to treat postpartum depression for women. This requires the permission and appointment of a specialist so as not to affect the mother’s health. However, many antidepressants often have side effects, so mothers should consider before using. Here are some common symptoms of postpartum depression in a mother:

  • Causes dry mouth, bitter mouth
  • Causes dizziness, nausea
  • Increase appetite and gain weight
  • Decreased libido and other sexual disorders, such as erectile dysfunction and decreased orgasm.
  • Constipation.
  • Tired and sleepy
Use of medication to treat postpartum depression.
Use of medication to treat postpartum depression.

Although there are antidepressant products specifically for postpartum women, many studies still show some effects of drugs on breastfed babies such as irritability, fussiness, startling, difficult babies. to sleep, poor feeding, vomiting, etc. Many mothers because of this problem consider whether to treat or not, wean or not wean.

However, if you use psychotherapy to deal with postpartum depression, you won’t need to consider these things. Because psychotherapy does not use drugs, it is very safe for women who are breastfeeding.

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