Flu season is back, what can you do to get through it?

In the last days of October, consecutive storms hit Vietnam and there is now a storm No. 8 Saudel with strong winds that can reach level 14. In many areas that are not severely affected like the Central region, it is raining and windy. more often, so many people are more likely to catch the flu. However, do not think that the flu is a mild illness and not worth worrying about. In fact, if there are no timely measures, the flu also affects your quality of life more or less.

The flu is a respiratory infection caused by a virus. Every year, millions of Americans get sick with the flu. In Vietnam, according to statistics posted on the website of the Department of Preventive Medicine, the Ministry of Health, every year there are over 800,000 flu cases. There has not been any abnormality in the number of cases as well as the strain of influenza virus. The flu virus sometimes causes mild illness, but it can also be serious or even fatal, especially for people over 65, infants, and people with certain chronic illnesses.

What causes flu?

The flu is caused by a virus that spreads from person to person. When a person with the flu coughs, sneezes, or talks, they make tiny droplets of water. These droplets can land in the mouths or noses of people nearby. Also, although infrequently, a person can get the flu by touching a surface or object that has the flu virus on it and then touching their mouth, nose, or possibly their eyes.

flu virus

What are the symptoms of the flu?

Flu symptoms come on suddenly and may include:

  • Fever or feeling hot/chilled
  • A cough
  • Sore throat
  • Runny or stuffy nose
  • Muscle or body aches
  • Headache
  • Tired
  • Some people may also experience vomiting and diarrhea. This occurs more commonly in children.

Sometimes people have a hard time determining if they have a cold or the flu. In fact, there is a distinct difference between a cold and the flu. Symptoms of a cold usually come on more slowly and are less severe than those of the flu. Colds rarely cause fever or headache.

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Compare colds and flu

What other problems can the flu cause?

Some people with the flu are prone to complications. These complications can be serious or even life-threatening. These include:

  • Bronchitis
  • Ear infections
  • Sinusitis
  • Pneumonia
  • Inflammation of the heart (myocarditis), brain (encephalitis) or muscle tissues (myositis, rhabdomyolysis)
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The flu can also make chronic health problems worse. For example, people with asthma may have an asthma attack while they have the flu.

Some people are more likely to have complications from the flu, including:

  • Adults 65 years and older
  • Pregnant women
  • Children under 5 years old
  • People with certain chronic conditions, such as asthma, diabetes, and heart disease.

pregnant woman with flu

How is the flu diagnosed?

To diagnose the flu, your doctor will first examine you and ask about your symptoms. There are several tests to diagnose the flu. If testing is required, your doctor will dab a cotton swab inside your nose or throat. Then, do a swab test.

Some tests have quick results and take only 15-20 minutes. But this test is not as accurate as tests that give results after an hour or a few hours.

What are the treatments for the flu?

Most people with the flu will recover on their own without medical attention. If you have a mild flu, you should stay home and avoid contact with other people, unless you go to the doctor.

If you have flu symptoms and are in a high-risk group, are seriously ill, or are worried about your illness, seek medical attention right away. You may need antiviral medication to treat the flu. Antiviral drugs can make the illness milder and shorten the duration of the illness. They can also prevent serious flu complications. Medicines usually work best when you start taking them within 2 days of getting sick.

Antiviral drugs

Can the flu be prevented?

The best way to prevent the flu is to get a flu shot every year. However, you also need to have healthy habits such as covering your cough or sneeze and washing your hands often. This can help stop the spread of the virus and prevent the flu. Besides, regular exercise can help strengthen resistance actively. If you don’t know where to start, download easyhealthylive.com right away, you will be better guided by a team of technology coaches.

Reference source

Flu https://medlineplus.gov/flu.html Accessed October 22, 2020

Flu Symptoms & Complications https://www.cdc.gov/flu/symptoms/symptoms.htm Accessed 10/22/2020

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