What medical condition is it that causes Bronchitis? If you are sick is the patient suffering from any usual symptoms? What medications are required for treating the disease? To know more about bronchitis discover the answer with pharmacist Nguyen Ngoc Cam Tien in the following article!
1. What is the definition of bronchitis?
Bronchitis is an extremely frequent lower respiratory tract infection. This means that tubes of the bronchial system (air motion) become damaged within the mucosal walls of the tube. Also called the inflammatory process that causes the disease.
If you suffer from bronchitis you may experience symptoms of coughing frequently and having dense mucus.
Bronchitis can be classified into:
- The illness usually develops and disappears in several weeks.
- It’s a brief-term inflammation of the lining of the bronchial tube.
- Signs: The airways of the lungs appear to be filled with swelling and tons of mucus.
- This is a long-term bacterial infection of the mucosal bronchial duct.
- The illness can last for one to three years, causing continual discomfort of the airways.
- There are numerous risks for patients’ health.
2. What is the best way to manage an ailment called bronchitis?
2.1. Acute bronchitis
If the patient suffers from acute bronchitis could be prescribed for it, such as:
- Antibiotics are medications that combat infections caused by bacteria. While acute bronchitis can be caused by an infection caused by a virus. So, antibiotics aren’t effective in treating this condition. But, they could get the approval of a physician according to the individual’s health condition.
- Cough medicine If you cough too frequently, it could cause severe damage to your throat and the bronchi. If the cough is having an impact on your day-to-day activities (sleep) then you’ll need the right cough medication.
- Other medicationssuch as asthma, allergies or chronic obstructive lung illness can develop. The doctor could then prescribe an inhaler, or other medication to ease swelling and also dilate your bronchi.
2.1. Chronic bronchitis
Do the rehabilitation. It is important to focus on the treatment of symptoms for signs of bronchitis.
Make use of antipyretics:
- Be aware that it is only to be utilized when the temperature is higher than 38.5 Degrees Celsius.
- Additionally, antipyretic medications are not to be distributed equally throughout the day as they can reduce symptoms of fever, making it difficult to track the progression of the disease.
- Useful for: panadol, panadol and paracetamol …
Patients require electrolytes and rehydration:
- This happens because the person is suffering from a fever that could lead to dehydration.
- So, the patient should be provided with oresol or fruit juice (with the addition of salt).
If dyspnea is present hearing loss, it can be treated with the use of bronchodilators like salbutamol, theophylline.
3. The best time to use antibiotics to treat the bronchitis
Antibiotics should be only used in the event of suspected acute bronchitis caused by bacteria.
Acute bacterial bronchitis symptoms and the necessity for antibiotics:
- Sputum purulent, sputum azure and yellow sputum.
- The incident lasted for 10 days.
- The blood tests revealed an increased the number of white cells present in peripheral blood.
The most commonly used antibiotics for treating acute bronchitis comprise macrolides, betalactams and the quinolones.
Patients must adhere to the instructions of their doctor, including the type of antibiotic to use dosage, what dose, when to useit, and how long to use…
Avoid at all costs randomly changing doses and time of use or stopping the treatment when the disease disappears without completing the full treatment … because the patient is exposed to more dangers that could affect health .
If the patient is suffering from fever or headache, body aches or sore throats dry cough, or white sputum, it’s generally chronic viral bronchitis. Thus, these types of cases are not a need for antibiotics as they’re not effective.
4. The most common antibiotics used for bronchitis in the present
Patients suffering from simple acute bronchitis is that they usually do not require antibiotics. In the event that the medical professional has determined the exact kind of bacteria responsible for the illness then antibiotics may be prescribed to combat it.
Based on the response to the patient and the degree of resistance to the drug is determined. One of the following medications can be utilized:
- Ampicillin, amoxicillin 3,3 g/day.
- Amoxicillin is clavulanic acid. Ampicillin – sulbactam: dosage 3 grams/day.
- First generation cephalosporins: Cephalexin 2-3 g/day.
- Cefuroxime 1.5 grams/day.
- Erythromycin 1.5 mg/day for 7 days.
- Azithromycin 500 mg/day for 3 days.
- In addition, it is essential to integrate treatment with other foci of illness.
5. It is important to note the following when you are taking antibiotics for the bronchitis
- Take antibiotics only if the problem is an infection caused by bacteria.
- Always follow your doctor’s prescriptions.
- Take the medication at the time you are feeling better after a couple of days.
- Antibiotics are best taken in the morning after meals. But, depending on the circumstances the doctor might recommend having them before or at mealtimes.
- It is recommended to include probiotics or curd with the meal to help strengthen intestinal bacteria and combat the negative effects of antibiotics.
- Drink at least 2 daily liters of water. This will help keep your body hydrated during the course of taking antibiotics since it aids in removing harmful chemicals from your body.
- Beware of greasy food and ensure you control portions.
- Supplements to reduce acidity in the stomach as well as vitamin supplements are a good option while taking antibiotics.
- Perform light exercise or yoga to increase your metabolism when you are taking antibiotics.
- A common side consequence of taking antibiotics is creating digestive problems. Thus, consult your physician in the event that the condition gets more serious.
To be safe from the above risks and to use the medication safely and effectively, if there is evidence of bronchitis, patients have consult a physician for the correct treatment. If prescribed antibiotics, patients should follow the prescription of the doctor and take the prescribed dosage, even if not feeling well, and should refrain from sharing antibiotics with anyone else.
John Alen was born in 1971 and is a doctor in the healthcare and psychology fields with many years of experience. He is currently working at easyhealthylive.com, a leading health and psychology blog. Having studied at Y1 National Medical University named after IM Sechenov, John Alen is using his knowledge and experience to help improve the physical and mental health of people in the United States.